Complex Machines in the Cell That Could Not Have Evolved

1) The Workhorse of the Cell: Kinesin

These are amazing masterpieces of micro-engineering. Kinesins are motorized transport machines made of proteins, that deliver cellular components where they are needed by attaching them to their  tail-like structures  (Endow, 2003). They literally walk on two legs which are called, “globular heads” which temporarily bind to microtubules, microtubules help to support the cell, in the same way that our skeletons support our own bodies (Goodsell, 2005a; Vale, 2003). The amazing thing is that this same “skeleton” is cleverly used as a highway for the Kinesins to deliver these loads which are often several times greater than their own size (Maroidis et al, 2004).

They were discovered back in 1984, and will continue to amaze the scientists and bewilder the skeptics. It has been determined that if Kinesins did not exist, life would not have even made it to the embryo stage of development quite literally!


2) ATP Synthase: The power plant of the cell

ATP Synthases are the micromolecular power generators in the cell. It creates Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) which essentially acts as the batteries that power the cell. According to David Goodsell (2005b), “ATP synthase is one of the wonders of the molecular world” and I will explain why. The structure seen in the video above, that resembles a “gear” is referred to by biologists as the F0 synthase rotor, the spinning of this rotor is fueled by protons that are fed onto it, the protons are illustrated as little “beads” on the F0 synthase rotor in the opening picture for this post. Similar charges tend to repel, so as the F0 synthase rotor is fed with more protons (which are all positively charged), the structure attempts to repel away. But the manner in which the structure is fixed in place, restricts the repulsive force to only result in circular motion. So just as wind causes a windmill to spin, the same can be said for the static charge of protons that propels the F0 synthase rotor to move.

The rotational energy of the F0 synthase rotor is transmitted by a shaft which penetrates into the structure called the  F1 synthase rotor (Boyer, 1997).  F1 synthase rotor houses the catalytic core of the enzyme which creates ATP from Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP) and a phosphate molecule (Block, 1997; Maroidis et al, 2004). An alternative video that explains the finer details not described in the above video can be viewed here. So, I believe David Goodsell is perfectly justified in using his description of these cellular machines.


Where Does the Evidence Leads Us?

Kinesins and ATP Synthases both show undeniable signs of design, in the same way that a watch must have had a watchmaker. If you looked at the videos you can see clearly that they are similar to our man-made technology – they have motors, rotors, shafts, use electric charges to drive motion as in the case with ATP Synthase and even feature bipedal locomotion as in the case with Kinesins like a microscopic robot. In spite of these examples Evolutionists adamantly believe that they could have been evolved, but this is simply not true. In order to make these two machines we need enzymes. The odds of producing these enzymes are astronomical if it was ever done by Evolution. I will let the experts explain:

“Life cannot have had a random beginning … The trouble is that there are about 2000 enzymes, and the chance of obtaining them all in a random trial is only one part in 10^40,000, an outrageously small probability that could not be faced even if the whole universe consisted of organic soup.” – Sir Fred Hoyle and Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe, Evolution from Space (1981)

“Once we see, however, that the probability of life originating at random is so utterly miniscule as to make it absurd, it becomes sensible to think that the favorable properties of physics on which life depends are in every respect deliberate…It is therefore almost inevitable that our own measure of intelligence must reflect … higher intelligences … even to the limit of God … such a theory is so obvious that one wonders why it is not widely accepted as being self-evident. The reasons are psychological rather than scientific.” – Sir Fred Hoyle and Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe, Evolution from Space (1981).

Sir Fred Hoyle and Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe clearly explains that we could not have evolved by chance,  it is as simple as that. And the surprising thing is that these two men are not even Christians! Right now while you are reading this post there are countless trillions of these Kinesins and ATP Synthases busy at work, maintaining and fueling your cells to keep you alive. I can’t help but be reminded of the words of king David in Psalms 139:14:

Psalms 139:14
I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well.

I think David knew exactly what he was saying in that Psalm, and I am convinced that God had at some level revealed this to him. It is well and good for us all to recognize that we are indeed special, but what about Charles Darwin and his theory? Charles Darwin at the time that he proposed the Evolution Theory had no clue that cells were even this complex, back then he and the scientists of the time thought that the cell was merely a blob of jelly, with no significance, of course we know now that this is absolutely wrong and the video at the end of this post will make that clear to you. Most people do not know that Charles had admitted in his book, that if any complex structures were ever found, then his theory would crumble:

“If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed, which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down. But I can find no such case.” – Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species.

Well Charlie, by your own admission and in light of the existence of Kinesins and ATP Synthases, your theory has absolutely broken down. There is no conceivable way that Kinesins and ATP Synthases could have evolved as they are remarkably complex and have no transitional structures to even propose their origins. This complexity proves that there must be a Designer, and that Designer is a creative,  all-knowing and all-powerful God. Case closed.

~Planet Zion



A., Endow S. 2003. “Kinesin motors as molecular machines.” BioEssays Vol. 25:1212-1219.

Block, S. M. 1997. “Real engines of creation.” Nature Vol. 386: 217-219.

Boyer, P. D. 1997. “The ATP Synthase–A Splendid Molecular Machine.” Annual Review of Biochemistry Vol. 66: 717-749.

C., Mavroidis, Dubey A., and Yarmush M. L. 2004. “Molecular Machines.” Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering Vol. 6: 363-395.

D, Goodsell. April 2005a. “Kinesin.” Molecule of the Month at Protein Data Bank.

D., Goodsell. December 2005b. “The ATP Synthase.” Molecule of the Month at Protein Data Bank.

Vale, R. D. 2003. “The Molecular Motor Toolbox for Intracellular Transport.” Cell Vol. 112: 467-480.